Nail Polish Allergy Treatment in New Orleans
Get tested to see if you have an acrylic allergy, which is present in nail gel polish. Dr. Reena Mehta is a board-certified allergist in New Orleans that specializes in treating acrylic nail allergies and other nail cosmetic allergies. Contact us today to schedule your visit!
“I went to see Dr Mehta due to eczema flaring that has been on and off for a while. I had seen other dermatologist and they all would just prescribe me a topical steroid cream for a short term solution. Dr Mehta helped me come to the realization that it was certain products that I was using in my day to day life. After talking about switching some products at home, my eczema has been 100% better and I am no longer using any creams for itching. She is the best!“
– Brooke G, March 2021
In modern nail cosmetics, nail polish allergies are either caused by an acrylic allergy or tosylamide/formaldehyde resin allergy, with acrylic allergy being the more common diagnosis.
Nail Acrylic Allergy
Acrylate-based nail treatments have become increasingly common in recent years. Manicures today are resistant to chipping and scratches, making them wildly popular with consumers. The popularity of acrylate-based gels, dips, and nail wraps has resulted in an increase in nail acrylic allergy.
Nail acrylic allergy allergy is triggered by acrylate monomers, including 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate, ethyl cyanoacrylate, 1,4-butanediol diacrylate, hydroxypropyl acrylate, and 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate. It can also be referred to as cyanocrylate allergy or methacrylate allergy.
Gel Polish Allergy
Traditional acrylic nails are applied using a powder polymer mixed with a liquid polymer. Newer gel manicures include an acrylate-based nail polish (causing the nail gel allergy), a base coat, two coats of color, and a top coat. Each layer is treated with an LED or UVA lamp, creating a long-lasting, semi permanent manicure.
Tosylamide/Formaldehyde Resin (TSFR) Allergy
It is still possible to encounter TSFR in nail polishes, but it is much less common today than it was a decade ago.
Individuals who are allergic to acrylates typically present with some pattern of contact dermatitis after an acrylate-based nail treatment. Affected areas become red, bumpy, scaly, itchy, or swollen at the point of contact. As acrylate exposure is typically limited to the hands, dermatitis typically presents on the hands, fingers, or wrists, but facial and neck dermatitis are somewhat common as well. Less commonly, the abdomen and thighs may be affected.
Nail technicians with acrylate allergy typically have a much worse reaction that develops with continuous exposure. Pulpitis and cutaneous fissures are common. Other nail polish allergy symptoms can include subungal hyperkeratosis, onycholysis, and nail dystrophy. Though rare, paresthesia, urticaria (hives), or upper respiratory tract symptoms can occur.
An allergist is best equipped to diagnose nail cosmetic reactions. Dr. Mehta can help you confirm whether or not you’re allergic to nail polishes or nail treatments. Allergy testing begins with a detailed medical history, where Dr. Mehta will ask you questions about your contact with nail treatment products and other common skin allergens that may be causing your symptoms. If your history is consistent with nail polish allergy, the next step is to undergo skin testing.
Nail Polish Allergy Prevention
If you work with acrylates as a nail technician or another profession, nitrile gloves are recommended to shield you from acrylate exposure while maintaining dexterity. Nitrile gloves are considered to be effective for 15 to 30 minutes of exposure, after which a glove change is recommended. If your work requires longer exposure to acrylate, industrial grade gloves, such as Silver Shield/4H gloves, may be effective but tend to limit dexterity. Dexterity can be maintained in this case by cutting off the fingertips of industrial grade gloves and wearing them underneath a standard nitrile glove.
Moisturizers and Topical Ointments
Nail Acrylic Allergy Testing in New Orleans
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